Neues Museum

by | 17. Jul 2012

Cultural | Extention/ redesign | Feature

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Photo @ Stiftung Preussischer KulturbesitzDavid Chipperfield Architects Photo: Ute Zscharn

The Neues Museum on Berlin’s Museum Insel was designed by Friedrich August Stüler and built between 1841 and 1859.

Extensive bombing during the Second World War left the building in ruins, with entire sections missing completely and others severely damaged. Few attempts at repair were made after the war, and the structure was left exposed to nature.

The archaeological restoration followed the guidelines of the Charter of Venice, respecting the historical structure in its different states of preservation.
 
All the gaps in the existing structure were filled in without competing with the existing structure in terms of brightness and surface.
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Photo © SMB/Zentralarchiv

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Photo © SMB/Zentralarchiv

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Photo @Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz
David Chipperfield Architects Photo: Christian Richters

The original sequence of rooms was restored with new building sections that create continuity with the existing structure. The new exhibition rooms are built of large format pre-fabricated concrete elements consisting of white cement mixed with Saxonian marble chips.

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Photo @Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz
David Chipperfield Architects Photo: Christian Richters

neues_museum_6.jpgPhoto @Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz
David Chipperfield Architects Photo: Christian Richters

neues_museum_7.jpgPhoto @Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz
David Chipperfield Architects Photo: Christian Richters

Formed from the same concrete elements, the new main staircase repeats the original without replicating it, and sits within a majestic hall that is preserved only as a brick volume, devoid of its original ornamentation.

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Photo @Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz
David Chipperfield Architects Photo: Christian Richters

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Photo @Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz
David Chipperfield Architects Photo: Christian Richters

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Photo @Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz
David Chipperfield Architects Photo: Christian Richters

Other new volumes – the Northwest wing, with the Egyptian court and the Apollo risalit, the apse in the Greek courtyard, and the South Dome – are built of recycled handmade bricks, complementing the preserved sections.

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Photo @Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz
David Chipperfield Architects Photo: Christian Richters

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Photo @Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz
David Chipperfield Architects Photo: Christian Richters

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Photo @Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz
David Chipperfield Architects Photo: Christian Richters

With the reinstatement and completion of the mostly preserved colonnade at the Eastern and Southern side of the Neues Museum, the pre-war urban situation is re-established to the East.

The museum exhibits the collections of the Egyptian Museum and the Museum of Pre- and Early History. Vitrines, pedestals and plinths are designed by Michele de Lucchi. The Neues Museum is the third restored building on Museum Island.

The New Entrance Building by David Chipperfield Architects, the James Simon Gallery, will be constructed between the Neues Museum and the Spree, echoing the urban situation of the site pre-1938.

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Sketch © David Chipperfield Architects
Sketch

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Drawing © David Chipperfield Architects
Site Plan

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Drawing © David Chipperfield Architects
Level two Plan

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Drawing © David Chipperfield Architects
Section through West Wing

INFORMATION

CITYBerlin
COUNTRYGermany
CONSTRUCTION YEAR2009

CLIENT

CONTRACTOR