By 2050 Melbourne will need at least 1.5 million additional homes in order to support its swelling population. Developers are surging to fill this need with apartments being built at unprecedented rates in the inner-enclave of the city, however few deliver the amenity and quality of living associated with Melbourne’s reputation – dwellings made for ‘investing in rather than living in.’ While architects lament with having to concede to the hands of profit hungry developers, or build boutique homes for private clients that does little to address urban and social issues in a meaningful way, a group of architects in Melbourne are paving their own way to find solutions to Melbourne’s housing crisis.
Nightingale Housing, a not-for-profit social enterprise headed by Breathe Architecture’s Jeremy McLeod, provides an alternative development model, with the mandate to provide medium density housing in the cities inner suburbs, with a focus on community, affordability and environmental sustainability. In order to achieve these goals, well-designed buildings are only part of the equation – they come at the end of Nightingale’s holistic approach which also oversees the projects procurement and funding, bypassing developers all together. Apartment buildings are financed by a collective of individual ‘micro-investors’ (in the case of Nightingale 1 this includes architects and home-owners), regulated through capped project profits and resale value in order to maintain affordable prices. Architects engage directly with owner-occupiers to create multi-residential developments for ‘living in rather than investing in’, resetting the developer hierarchy to give agency to the community that will live in these buildings, and the architects shaping it for them.
All Nightingale apartments maintain generosity and quality at relatively affordable prices through strategic cuts: there is no marketing budget, display suite, real-estate agents or developer profit margins. The architecture also saves through cutting out basement car parking, air-conditioning, second bathrooms and individual laundries, while passive design principles and renewable energy sources keep running costs at a minimum.
Nightingale 1 is the inaugural project of the Nightingale model and is located in Melbourne’s inner-city suburb of Brunswick. The street interface effortlessly fuses with its surrounding built fabric, a cream brick plinth with large orthogonal openings akin to the surrounding warehouses. The ground floor is a space for both residents and the neighborhood with a semi-public walkway cutting the floor plan flanked by a café, an architecture studio and the headquarters for the Nightingale organization. A street-deck scattered with plants and seating by the side of the road is a welcoming social space for tenants and the public alike, capitalizing on the lack of car traffic on the dead-end street.
The apartments above hang off an open core, a central ventilated stairwell scaling a fernery at the ground floor. The 20 apartments of 1 or 2 bedrooms each has its own generous balcony. Those to the north look out through a shipping-chain screen for deciduous grape vines to climb, and those to the south are contained in steel-frame winter gardens, taking visual cues from the surrounding warehouse context.
The apartment interiors are dressed in a well-considered economic palette of recycled timber floors, concrete ceilings, exposed finishes, form-ply joinery and concrete benchtops. Material consideration extends into the lift lobbies with natural Blackbutt timber battens, mild steel plate and inset coir matting nooks.
The communal rooftop – the buildings social heart – is generously planted and kitted out with a summer and winter deck, sandpits, a barbeque, a lawn, vegetable garden, soon to be installed beehives and communal facilities including laundry, clothesline and rain water tanks. Residents gather and play on the rooftop which boasts incredible views of the CBD and the surrounding Brunswick – connecting back to the neighborhood which the building draws so heavily from.
Emblematic of the Nightingale ethos is the community of architects it has built around it. Intellectual property of the model is shared with other firms, making it a replicable model across Melbourne and Australia. Nightingale 1 is soon to be joined by the Nightingale Village, just a stone’s throw away seven new apartment buildings will be constructed as a collaboration between some of Melbourne’s best architecture firms. What started as a small architectural project is gaining momentum – a force to be reckoned with in the future development of Melbourne. McLeod’s project of ‘catalysing an industry change from the ground up’ is certainly underway.