Taller De Arquitectura Barcelona Airport Terminal 1
The mission of the new terminal was to serve as a communications gateway linking Barcelona with the rest of Europe and the world, to promote passenger mobility and to expand connections to the airport by different forms of transport, high-speed train, local trains, and the subway.
The building is comprised of two main spaces under the same roof; one is 500 meters wide, for check-in, security and baggage collection, the other is 700 meters long, accommodating pre-boarding and boarding areas.
The sustainable white granite structure allows light to filter through glass curtain walls creating a “Mediterranean-style” terminal.
The architecture of the interior of the terminal, known as the “sky center,” blends straight and curved forms, and the glass walls allow for panoramic views of the city and the surrounding landscape. Ceramic-tile ceilings are slightly arched lending a futuristic effect.
Bofill designed the structure with sustainability in mind, placing hundreds of solar panels on the aluminum roof. Thus, 70 percent of the water in T1 is heated using thermal collectors.
Curtain walls, designed to resist air, water infiltration, wind and its own dead load forces are composed of an aluminum framing filled with glass to provide an architecturally-pleasing and light-filled structure.
By combining maximum functionality, local technology, respect for the environment and unique architecture, the new airport terminal will become an intercontinental hub, a reference and original prototype for forthcoming hubs.