The Commons

by | 08. May 2016

Project | Residential

The western façade of The Commons overlooks one of Melbourne’s train lines. The Commons, Breathe Architecture © 2014 Andrew Wuttke

By Jennifer McMaster

The Commons, by Breathe Architecture, is situated in East Brunswick, six kilometers from Melbourne’s CBD. Clad in a chevron-patterned façade, the building is a raw and captivating piece of architecture. It’s also the prototype for a new development model, called Nightingale, which aims to transform the way that apartment buildings are financed and designed in Australia. It sits in stark contrast to current housing models, which remain unaffordable and conservative in their ambitions.

The Commons’ key façade contains generous balconies, which encourage sociability and street engagement. © 2014 Andrew Wuttke

The Commons is a mixed-use building made up of twenty-four apartments. There are shops, studio spaces and a lobby on the ground floor, while shared facilities, such as vegetable gardens and a laundry, are on the roof. These features help foster a way of living that is communal and convivial, where residents know their neighbors and partake in shared life.

A rooftop terrace atop The Commons is a gathering place, and contains shared laundries, edible garden beds, BBQs, washing lines and beehives. © 2014 Andrew Wuttke

Unlike many Australian housing models, which prioritize financial yield above all else, Breathe Architecture’s The Commons is modeled on a ‘triple bottom line’ of socially, financially and environmentally sustainable development.

As a consequence, the building rejects conventional add-ons such as air-conditioning, second bathrooms and basement car-parking. Real estate agents, marketing teams and display suites are also removed from the process. Instead, funds are allocated to additional living space, generous ceiling heights, double-glazing and high-quality materiality, all of which are often neglected in local apartments.

Living areas inside each apartment benefit from the reduction of second bathrooms and laundry facilities. © 2014 Andrew Wuttke

Inside The Commons, the apartments are arranged in long, thin bars around a central circulation core. This linear layout avoids the compressed feel of conventional apartments and, although inefficient, reflects the spatial charms of traditional terrace houses.

The material palette employed is dark and textured, with rough concrete, recycled timber floors and black joinery. Downstairs, bricks from the old on-site bakery have been re-arranged in an entry patchwork that is filled with character.

The entry is assembled from salvaged bricks, which still bear the colors of old graffiti. © 2016 Jonathon Donnelly

Across The Commons, fittings and fixtures are reductive and direct, favoring simplicity over ornamentation. Bare light bulbs are mounted into steel angles, and pipework is painted and left exposed. There is a noticeable absence of plasterboard, tiles and chrome plating, all of which were deemed too energy intensive. This rich palette contrasts current apartment stock, which is often unwilling to invest in quality materials or maintenance.

The Commons provides a housing option that foregrounds quality of space and finish over quantity of space. © 2014 Andrew Wuttke

As a building, The Commons is a delightful piece of architecture. Yet, as a precedent, it also aims to improve the status quo of apartments in Australia. The Commons was the prototype for Nightingale, a replicable, designer-led development framework set up by Breathe Architecture. As at The Commons, the model pays equal attention to sustainability, livability and financial return.

The Commons engages its residents in the design process, allowing them greater choice in a limited housing market. © 2014 Andrew Wuttke

In essence, Nightingale encourages architects to team up with ethical investors, many of whom are future residents, to find potential development sites. The model favors the collaborative and consultative, giving both architects and future owner-occupiers greater agency. There are several Nightingale projects in progress and, with a waiting list of residents, it’s clearly both relevant and appealing.

Small gestures, such as a community notice-board, embody the ‘know your neigbors’ ethic celebrated by The Commons and the Nightingale project. © 2014 Andrew Wuttke

The Commons is a framework for tighter urban communities, and a piece of design activism that refuses to let developers take control. It advocates for better quality housing, and empowers architects to become leaders in the creation of new developments.

Ground floor plan. © 2016 Breathe Architecture

First floor plan. © 2016 Breathe Architecture

Roof terrace plan. © 2016 Breathe Architecture

North and south elevations. © 2016 Breathe Architecture

Western elevation. © 2016 Breathe Architecture


ARCHITECTBreathe Architecture